Contest Article 4: Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966)

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  • Born in Uttar Pradesh on 2 October 1904.
  • Died on 11 January 1966.
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri played a pivotal role in shaping India's future in external affairs and introduced a slogan "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" (Hail the soldier, hail the farmer).


 

  • Lal Bahadur Shastri was born as Lal Bahadur Varma. When he was graduated from Kashi Vidyapeeth in Varanasi, he was given the title 'Shastri'.
  • Shastri went to jail for taking part in Gandhi's non-cooperation movement. But, he was let off as he was still a minor of 17 years
  • After Independence when he was appointed as the Transport Minister, Shastri introduced the provision of female drivers and conductors in public transportation.
  • On his wedding, he accepted a Khadi cloth and spinning wheel as dowry.

 


  • During his tenure as the Minister of Police, Shastri introduced the rule of spraying jet water to disperse crowd instead of lathi charge
  • Shastri also took part in the Salt March, for which he was jailed for a period of two years.
  • Shastri had a habit of revising drafts endless number of times. In 1964, he revised his speech for a conference in Cairo so many times that by the time he went to speak it could not be typed in full.
  • On the occasion of his birth centenary in 2004, the RBI issued a Rs.100 coin with his portrait on it, commemorating his life. The coin is non-circulating and is available on order alone.

 




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