Contest Article 2: Subhash Chandra Bose (1897-1945)
Indian independence gave us many freedom fighters whom we can never forget. Their struggle for the independence showcased their patriotism in its true colors. And when we talk about them, the most active character that comes in our mind is of Subhash Chandra Bose.
Let us salute this man and pay our tribute by reviving those struggle memories again:
- He was born in Odisha in the year 1897 and completed his BA in Philosophy with a first class score in 1918. He was the ninth in a family of 14 children.
- He cleared the Indian Civil Service examination in 1920 in England. Later, he resigned from his civil service job on April 23, 1921 after hearing about India's struggle for freedom.
- Earlier, Bose had been a leader of the younger, radical, wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s but was expelled from Congress leadership positions in 1939, following differences with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
- During the period of 1921-1941, he was imprisoned eleven times in various jails due to his stand for complete independence.
- Bose believed that Gandhi's tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure independence and advocated violent resistance.
- At the outset of the Second World War, he had travelled to a number of countries, including Soviet Union, Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, so as to seek alliance with each and to attack the British government in India.
- Later, he re-organised with Imperial Japanese assistance and led the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA), formed with Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from British Malaya, Singapore and other parts of Southeast Asia, against the British forces.
- With Japanese monetary, political, diplomatic and military assistance, he formed the Azad Hind Government in exile, and regrouped and led the Indian National Army. Along with the Japanese army they brought independence to Andaman and Nicobar Islands and came all the way to Manipur in India.
- On 18 August, 1945 he died from third-degree burns after his overloaded Japanese plane crashed in Japanese-occupied Formosa (now Taiwan). However, his supporters, especially in Bengal, refused at the time to believe either the fact or the circumstances of his death.
- On August 23, 2007, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited the Subhas Chandra Bose memorial hall in Kolkata. Abe said to Bose's family, "The Japanese are deeply moved by Bose's strong will to have led the Indian independence movement from British rule."
- Subhas Chandra Bose believed that the Bhagvad Gita was a great source of inspiration for him. Swami Vivekananda's teachings on universal brotherhood, his nationalist thoughts and his emphasis on social service and reform have had instilled a vision in him.