Contest Article 3: B. R. Ambedkar (1891-1956)
Independent India's first Law Minister, Dr BR Ambedkar was the architect of the Indian constitution. From being one of the most influential names to be working against social discrimination, he inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement in India.
Popularly known as Babasaheb, the Indian jurist, politician, economist and social reformer who was known for his campaigns against social discrimination against dalits, women and labour.
Dr. Ambedkar, who had inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement, had died in his sleep on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi.
- Born in Mhow, Central Province, India (Now in Madhya Pradesh) on 14 April 1891.
- Died in New Delhi on 6 December 1956 (aged 65).
- BR Ambedkar was the14th child of his parents.
- Ambedkar's original name was actually Ambavadekar. But his teacher, Mahadev Ambedkar, who was fond of him, changed his surname from 'Ambavadekar' to his own surname 'Ambedkar' in school records.
- Ambedkar's ancestors had long been in the employment of the British East India Company's army.
- He also held the position of a principal at the Government Law College, Mumbai for 2 years.
- Ambedkar was opposed to Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, which gives a special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Ambedkar was the first Indian to pursue an Economics doctorate degree abroad.
- Ambedkar suffered from a severe case of diabetes in the later years.
- On 14 October 1956, less than two months before he died, B.R. Ambedkar, the chief architect of India’s Constitution and one of the towering intellects of modern India, converted to Buddhism along with some 365,000 of his followers in Nagpur after a traditional ceremony.
- The conversion to the religion which had fascinated him for a long time and he had been studying for years, was one of the pivotal moments in the modern Buddhist movement in India.