Contest Article 5: Lala Lajpat Rai (1865-1928)
Lala Lajpat Rai, one of the chief leaders of the Indian Independence Movement, was born on January 28, 1865, in Punjab. He was an author and a politician and was associated with many nationalist activities of Punjab National Bank and Lakshmi National Bank. Popularly known as Punjab Kesari, Rai was a part of Lal-Bal-Pal triangle. He passed away on November 17, 1928.
- He was the chief architect of the Swadeshi movement.
- Even before Gandhi and Nehru, Lala Lajpat Rai stressed self-reliance for Indians in the 1900 session of the National Congress. He was later one of the architects of the Swadeshi movement (now turned into Make-In-India) along with Mahatma Gandhi, Aurobindo Ghosh, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and others. There was also a postage stamp issued in India to honour Rai.
- Lala Lajpat Rai helped found the Punjab National Bank
- While studying Law at Lahore, Rai also helped to establish the Dayananda Anglo-Vedic School
- Lala Lajpat Rai was heavily influenced by Hinduism and reformed many Indian policies
- Rai was a law student and later, he also practiced law at Hissar
- Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal formed a triumvirate and fought for independence of India and promoted the Swadeshi movement
- Rai was described as the pillar of nationalism in India
- In 1928, the British government set up a commission and no Indian was named in the list. Lala Lajpat Rai led the silent march in protests and in return, British police declared a lathi charge, where Rai was assaulted and injured
- Even after such injuries, Rai said, "I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nails in the coffin of British rule in India."
- Lala Lajpat Rai died on November 17, 1928 due to his serious injuries
- Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences in Hisar, Haryana is named after Lala Lajpat Rai
- Lala Lajpat Rai's writings include The Story of My Deportation (1908), Arya Samaj (1915), The United States of America: A Hindu's Impression (1916), Young India (1916), Unhappy India (1928), and England's Debt to India (1917)
- His death is celebrated as Martyrs' Day in Odisha.